Cimex lectularius, the common bed bug, is a parasitic insect that feeds exclusively on blood. Throughout time the common bed bug has acted as the Dracula of the insect world, displaying a proclivity for the taste of human beings.
They are able to spread when the bugs or eggs are inadvertently brought into a home by a person’s clothes, backpack, luggage, infested furniture, or wild animals such as bats and birds. Duct work and false ceilings also provide an easy way for bed bugs to infest apartments, hotels, and businesses.
Once they have located a host they will take refuge in nearby shelter where they will prepare to multiply at an alarming rate. Bed bugs plant adhesive eggs by the hundreds, usually in fabric seams. The bed bug doesn’t seem to care much about the format of its shelter as they have been known to dwell amongst bedside clutter, inside laptops, wall sockets, movie theater seating, furniture, and luggage.
Bed bugs are usually nocturnal, preferring to feed on their hosts from 10PM to 6AM. When the bloodfeast is complete the bed bugs creep back from whence they came, where they presumably giggle to each other as they watch their hosts scratch and examine their often hundreds of new bites each morning.
Bed bugs are a pretty serious matter, causing a variety of health effects including rashes, allergic reactions, and intense psychological effects.
Their nocturnal nature can make detection difficult. Aside from bite symptoms signs include blood smears on sheets and abandoned exoskeletons.
Eradication of bed bugs frequently requires a combination of nonpesticide approaches and the occasional use of pesticides.